1140s - Montrose was created a Royal Burgh
by King David I, becoming a busy trading Town
with skins, hides, and cured salmon.
1140s? - Montrose Castle was built in the
Town at the south end of the High Street on
1153 - Restenneth
Priory was built for King Malcolm IV 15
miles west of Montrose by Forfar.
1178 - King William the Lion had a Castle
built 4 miles south of Montrose. The ruins are
now referred to as Red Castle.
1244 - Montrose was extensively damaged by
1296 - during the First Wars of Scottish
Independence, King Edward I of England visited
Montrose with 30,000 troops. The King stayed at
Montrose Castle for three nights.
1297 - forces of William Wallace severely
damage Montrose Castle and slew most of the
English Troops based there.
1370s - the Erskine's build a Tower House on
Dun Estate 4 miles west of Montrose, known as
1488 - Montrose Castle is in ruin, nothing
1600s - the Port was used to export wheat
and barley to Germany. The Port was also used
to imported Flax and Timber from the Baltic Sea
area, and Salt, Fruit and Wine from France,
Spain and Portugal.
1716 - the Jacobite James Francis Edward
Stuart spent his last night in Scotland at
Montrose before sailing to exile in France,
ending the First Jacobite
1720 - Dun Castle was demolished.
1743 - The House of Dun Mansion was
completed to replace Dun Castle for David
Erskine, Lord Dun.
1746 - forces of Charles Edward Stuart
(Bonnie Prince Charlie), during the Second Jacobite
Rebellion, fought the largest Naval Battle
of the war at Montrose Harbour.
1700s - Montrose was well know for Smuggling
Goods so as to avoid paying Taxes. The wealth
acquired by trade through the Port was
substantial, leading to many Merchants building
Houses on streets named after Trading Areas
such as America Street, California Street,
Baltic Street, and India Street.
1910s - the Royal Flying Corps opened a base
at Montrose, later known as RAF
1913 - the Airbase at Montrose became the
first operational Military Airbase in the
1940s - during World War II, Pilots from all
over the Commonwealth were based at Montrose
for training on Hawker Hurricane and Spitfire
aircraft. They also formed Squadrons for
sorties over Norway and to provide Air Defense
for the east coast of Scotland and city of
German aircraft bombed the Town and airfield
killing 5 Servicemen in one attack in 1940.
The Montrose Basin is a shallow estuary
about three miles in diameter. It is at the
south side of the Town where the River South
Esk runs into the North Sea.
1981 - the Montrose Basin Nature Reserve
was created with the Scottish Wildlife Trust
operating a modern Wildlife Centre. Map
The Centre has Telescopic and Television
views of the thousands of Birds that use the
area throughout the year.
1989 - The House of Dun Mansion was opened
to the public as a museum. Map DD10 9LQ
1992 - the Montrose Air Station Heritage Centre opened as a
museum on the north side of Montrose centre.
Map DD10 9BD