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Wallace Monument

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The Wallace Monument is two and a half miles northeast of Stirling, built in 1869 in honour of Sir William Wallace who led a Scots Army to victory over the English here in 1297.

The Monument can be visited in Summer, 9.30am to 5.00pm. Winter, 10am to 4pm, with an entrance fee. Postcode: FK9 5LF

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The image top is from traveling out from Stirling with the Monument on top of the 364ft high Abbey Craig.

Hop On Hop Off Buses run between Stirling Train /Bus Station, Stirling Castle, & the Wallace Monument. Bus Information

The Battle of Bannockburn Experience is 3 miles south, the tour buses used to run there as well, but you may need to use a local bus just now.

There is a huge Car Park, Visitor Centre, and Cafe below the Monument.

You can Walk up the Steep Woodland Path, or take the Courtesy Bus up the Steep Winding Road.

The image right is of the Wallace Monument from the Path up from the Visitor Centre.

The Monument was completed in 1869 to designs of the Architect John Thomas Rochead, at 220ft high with 246 steps leading to the Viewing Gallery at the top.

The Spiral Staircase is steep and narrow. There are Three Rooms to visit on the first, second and third floors.

The image right is of the second floor room with the Wallace Sword. The Sword is 5 feet 4 inches in height. This Sword has changed hands many times, and restoration work was carried out for King James IV of Scotland. The Secretary of State for War arranged for the Sword to be transferred to the Wallace Monument in 1888.

Some people have now claimed this may not be the actual Sword of William Wallace.

The Viewing Gallery at the top has fantastic views all around. It can also be very Windy at times, as the Viewing Gallery is about 550ft above the Town below.

The image right is of the Viewing Gallery looking east towards the Ochil Hills, with the highest hill being the 2,363ft Ben Cleuch, with a good Trail to the top. You can also see the Hills at Edinburgh 36 miles southeast.

The view west towards Stirling and Stirling Castle also shows Stirling Old Stone Bridge, and where the Original Wooden Bridge from the Battle of Stirling Bridge was situated. The Old Bridge and Battlefield are where football fields are now.

William Wallace led the Scots to victory over a huge English Army here 11th September 1297.

William Wallace History

Variations of the name Wallace can be found in records from the 1100s as Landowners in Ayrshire and Renfrewshire /South of Glasgow.

Families gained Land and Wealth by supporting Kings in Battle. The Braver in Battle, the more Land and Wealth they acquired. Landowners had many Workers on their Land, with all these Workers available to Fight for the Landowner and King at any time. This allowed Scottish Kings to raise Armies up to 15,000 men.

William Wallace was born around 1270, thought to be at Riccarton by Kilmarnock in Ayrshire, with the family Land sometimes referred to as Ellerslie.

1286, the death of the Scottish King Alexander III, and that of his sole Heir, the child Princess Margaret in 1290, left Scotland without a Monarch.

1291, King Edward I of England begins to pressure Scottish Landowners into giving him their support. The documents these Scots signed, were referred to as the Ragman Rolls.

Many Scottish Landowners refused to support the English, with many executed as a result.

Some Wallace branches gave support to the English King, and some refused. This led to some members of the Wallace Clan being Executed.

1291 - 1297, William Wallace is reported to have been involved in a number of disputes and small Battles with English Troops, and Scots supporting the English King. These Battles were said to be in and around the Towns of Dundee, Irvine, Ayr, Perth, and Lanark. This time saw Wallace gain a large number of Followers.

1297 May, William Wallace is first recorded in History after killing William de Heselrig, an Englishman serving as High Sheriff of Lanark. This is thought to have been revenge for the execution of relations of Wallace.

1297 June, Wallace is recorded as taking part in a raid on the Royal Residence town of Scone.

1297 early September, Wallace and Andrew Moray from the north of Scotland joined forces so they could attack a massive English Army traveling up from England to support the English Troops that were in control of Stirling Castle.

Wallace and Moray had around 15,000 Men between them. The English were said to number 20,000 to 30,000.

1297 11th September, the Battle of Stirling Bridge takes place at the narrow Wooden Bridge with Wetlands all around. The Scots Forces allowed about 5,000 of the English Troops and Knights to cross the Bridge, then made their Attack.

Most of the English that crossed the Bridge were Killed in Battle. The remainder of the English Forces destroyed the Bridge before returning to England.

Moray died a few days later from Wounds he received during the Battle.

1297 November, Wallace led a raid into Northumberland and Cumberland in England. On his return, he was Knighted at the Town of Selkirk.

1298 22nd July, the Battle of Falkirk ended with the Scots led by Wallace defeated in Battle. Wallace survived the Battle and went into hiding.

1305 5th August, Wallace is captured in Glasgow, then taken to London to stand Trial for a number of offences including Treason.

1305 23rd August, Wallace was tried in Westminster Hall and found Guilty of all Charges. He was then taken to Elms at Smithfield where he was Hung, Drawn, Disemboweled, had his Head hacked off, and his Body cut into four pieces.

Pieces of his Body were then sent to be displayed around the country at Berwick, Newcastle, Stirling, and Perth to show how the English would deal with Uprisings.

1314 June 23rd & 24th, Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce, defeated an English Army led by King Edward II in the area of Bannockburn, about 2 miles south of Stirling Castle, leading to Bruce becoming King of a free Scotland.

1800s, famous Writers such a Sir Walter Scott revived interest in Scottish history. This led to fundraising to build Monuments around the Country in honour of Sir William Wallace.

1832, the Wallace Tower in the town of Ayr was completed at 115ft high.

1855, Barnweil Tower is built between Ayr and Kilmarnock for Wallace at 60ft high.

1869, the Wallace Monument at Stirling was completed at 220ft high, now known as The National Wallace Monument.

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