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Dumbarton Castle

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Dumbarton Castle is in the centre of Dumbarton, 22 miles northwest of Glasgow.

Dumbarton Castle was built from the 1200s for the Kings of Scotland to control the area.

The Castle can be visited throughout the year with a small entrance fee. Postcode: G82 1JJ

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The image top is of Dumbarton Castle from the road leading from Dumbarton Centre to the Castle.

Dumbarton Castle History

410 - the Romans left Briton, leading to the country being divided into Kingdoms, with Scotland having about 6 Kingdoms.

400s - there was a Fort here on the 240ft / 73m high Dumbarton Rock where the Kingdom of Strathclyde evolved.

1058? - King Malcolm III / Canmore of Scotland was crowned, with him becoming the ruler of most of Scotland. His descendants up to 1286 built most of the large Scottish Royal Castles such as Edinburgh, Stirling and Urquhart, also most of the large Abbeys.

1220s - a Royal Castle was built on Dumbarton Rock for King Alexander II to control the area from Viking Raids. The Vikings were forced out of the Western and Northern Isles from the 1260s.

1296 - during the Wars of Scottish Independence, Dumbarton Castle was captured by Edward I, King of England.

1297 - the Scots under William Wallace re-captured the Castle, using it as a Prison for captured high profile English Knights.

Over the following centuries, about 40 different High Profile Scots were put in control of the Castle to keep the area under control for the Kings.

1488 - James IV became King after his followers killed his father James III at the Battle of Sauchieburn, leading to a few attempts by Scottish Nobles to have James IV overthrown.

1490s - Dumbarton Castle was being controlled by John Stewart, Earl of Lennox, who refused to support King James IV, leading to the Kings Army laying siege to Dumbarton Castle, using Naval Gunships to finally capture it.

1708 - 1746 - the Jacobite Risings led to Dumbarton Castle being strengthened.

1746 - the defeat of the Jacobite's at the Battle of Culloden was the last major Battle on the British mainland, so Royal Castles became less important.

1800 - 1815 - the Napoleonic Wars throughout Europe led to a number of French Prisoners being held at Dumbarton Castle.

1843 - the last Governor, Lord Lynedoch, died aged 95, leading to the Castle becoming a Tourist Attraction.

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