The image top is of the Verdant Works Museum
about half of a mile west of the City centre on
W Henderson's Wynd. The Museum covers the
Manufacturing of Jute, Water Powered Mills,
Steam Powered Mills, Workers Lives, and the
Wealthy Jute Barons.
Jute is a hard
wearing, inexpensive Fibre for Cloth to
manufacture Sacks, Curtains, Chair Coverings,
Carpets, Rugs, and Hessian Cloth.
In the late 1800s, Dundee had around 60 Jute
Mills with over 50,000 Workers, basically
Manufacturing Jute for the entire World.
The Fibre is made from Corchorus Plants
grown in warm wet countries such as India. Jute
is the second most produced Fibre after
Cotton which is
produced from Cotton Plants.
Linen is also a
popular Cloth made from the Fibers of the Flax
Plant, similar to Jute but not as course.
Along with Wool from various Animals, these
were the main Materials for human use
throughout the centuries.
Man Made Fibres such as Nylon, often made from
Petrochemicals, were introduced from the 1930s.
About 45% of all Materials were made from Nylon
in the 1970s, although this has reduced since
the Material went out of fashion.
another Man Made Fibre used extensively in
Clothing and Soft Furnishings. This Material
was first Manufactured in the 1940s, becoming
popular in the late 1950s. This is another
Material that went out of fashion. Recently
though, Clothing made from Polyester Microfiber
has become popular.
Jute also had a Fashion Crisis over the
years before becoming popular with Designers in
Dundee Jute History
1790s - Dundee had a number of Mills
manufacturing Linen out of Flax Plants grown in
the UK and imported from countries around the
1820s - the first Jute Mills are opened in
Dundee as the City had a large Whaling Fleet
providing an abundance of Whale Oil needed to
treat the Jute before Spinning. The Corchorus
Plants for the manufacturing of Jute was
imported from India.