1410 - James I of Scotland stayed at the
Castle while being educated by Bishop Henry
Wardlaw, founder of St Andrews University,
oldest University in Scotland.
1445 - James III of
Scotland was born at St Andrews Castle. James
III was an unpopular King killed at the
Sauchieburn by Stirling, by the forces of
his son who became James IV.
1400s - a number of Prominent People of the
time were imprisoned by the Bishops in the
1500s early - the Reformation reached
Scotland with many people converting from
Catholic to Protestant.
1546 - Archbishop of St Andrews, David
Beaton, imprisoned the Protestant preacher
George Wishart in the Castle’s Tower. Wishart
was Burnt at the Stake outside the Castle on
March 1st. Brick lettering outside the Castle
marks where he died.
1546 May - Wisharts friends gained entry to
the Castle and Murdered Cardinal Beaton. They
then set up the first Protestant Congregation
Catholics then tried unsuccessfully to Mine
through Solid Rock to get into the Castle. This
Mine can be viewed today.
1547 - the Protestant reformer John Knox
entered the Castle During an Armistice to serve
as the Castles Preacher.
A French Fleet was brought in to help take
the Castle back from the Protestants with a six
hour Bombardment. Many Protestants Prisoners
were taken to France.
The Castle was then re-built for Archbishop
1560 - the Reformation in Scotland made
Catholic Worship in Scotland illegal, leading
to St Andrews Cathedral being abandoned with
some of its stone taken for buildings around
1689 - the Office of the Bishop was
Abolished by William of Orange, leading to St
Andrews Castle falling into Ruin.
1600s late - much of the Stonework from the
Castle was used to repair St Andrews Pier.
Today - the Castle is a ruin maintained by
Historic Environment Scotland as a Tourist
Attraction. There is a Visitor Centre Museum,
Gift Shop, Dungeon, Towers, and two underground
Mines to Explore.