Below is a list of the largest and most famous
Sefadu, 620 carats rough /
Sefadu was found in Sierra Leonne in 1970. It is
owned by the American Diamond company Lazare Kaplan.
The uncut Stone weighs 620 carats.
This is the largest Diamond in the world known at
this time, although if cut, will no doubt be smaller
than three or four of the largest cut Diamonds
Golden Jubilee, 755 carats
rough / 545 carats cut / found 1985.
The Golden Jubilee is currently the largest known cut
Diamond in the world. The discovery of this large
brown Diamond in 1985, of 755.5 carats, was at the
Premier Mine in South Africa, also where the Cullinan
Diamonds were found in 1905, and others such as the
Taylor-Burton in 1966, and the Centenary in 1986.
The Golden Jubilee was purchased from De Beers by
Henry Ho of Thailand in 1995, it is now held in the
Royal Thai Palace as part of the Crown Jewels.
Cullinan I, 3,025 carats
rough /530 carats cut / found 1905.
The Cullinan Diamond was the largest diamond found at
the Premier mine in South Africa in 1905, weighing an
amazing 3,025.75 carats. This Diamond was gifted to
King Edward VII of England by the Government of the
Transvaal as a birthday present. It was cut in
Amsterdam into 2 large stones (the Cullinan I and
Cullinan II ) and another 7 smaller stones.
The Cullinan I, or the First Star of Africa, is
set in the British Sovereign's Sceptre with Cross.
This was the largest polished Diamond in the world
until the discovery of the Golden Jubilee Diamond in
1985 at 545.67 carats.
The Sceptre with the Cross, and the other Crown
Jewels, are on display at the Jewel House in the Tower of London.
Incomparable, 890 carats
rough / 407 carats cut / found 1980s.
The Incomparable was found in the town of Mbuji Mayi
in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in the 1980s, by
a young girl playing in rubble outside her uncle's
The Girls uncle sold it to local African Diamond
dealers, who in turn sold it to Lebanese buyers, who
sold it to De Beers, who sold it to Donald Zale,
chairman of the board of the Zale Corporation, a
Dallas based Jewelry store chain.
In November 2002, the Incomparable was listed on
the internet auction site Ebay. The seller was
expecting to attract bids of over $15 million. The
stone was not sold.
Cullinan II, 3,025 carats
rough /317 carats cut / found 1905.
The Cullinan Diamond was the largest Diamond
discovered in the Premier mine in South Africa in
1905, weighing 3,025.75 carats. It was awarded to
Edward VII by the Government of Transvaal for his
birthday present, then taken to Amsterdam to be cut
into 2 principal stones (the Cullinan I and Cullinan
II ) and 7 other major stones.
Cullinan II, 317.4 carats, is set in the lower
front of the British Imperial State Crown.
The British Imperial State Crown, and the other
Crown Jewels, can be seen on display at the Jewel House in the Tower of London.
Spirit of de Grisogono,
587 carats rough / 312 carats cut /found ?
The Spirit of de Grisogono is the world's largest
known cut black Diamond, 5th largest cut Diamond in
the world. It is set in a white Gold mounting, with
702 small white Diamonds totaling 36.69 carats.
This Diamond was mined several decades back in
west Central Africa. It was later taken to
Switzerland where it was cut using the Mogul Diamond
The Spirit of de Grisogono is described as a rare
specimen for this type of Diamond.
The Stone is said to have been sold by Fawaz
Gruosi to a private client.
The Great Mogul, 787carats
rough / 279 carats cut / found 1650.
The Great Mogul is one of the worlds largest
Diamonds, named after Shah Jehan, builder of the Taj
Mahal. This is the largest Diamond ever found in
India, in the Golconda Mines in 1650, and cut by the
Venetian, Hortentio Borgis.
The Diamond is said to have either been lost, or
now known under another name, in the possession of
the Shah of Persia, or to be among the Jewels of an
Centenary Diamond, 599
carats rough / 273 carats cut / found 1988.
The De Beers Centenary Diamond, at 273.85 carats, was
the third-largest Diamond found in the Premier Mine
in South Africa. The Centenary Diamond is rated as
the highest grade of colorless Diamond. It is said to
The Diamond may have been sold in June 2008 to an
unknown, young, European entrepreneur, living in the
Millennium Star, 777
carats rough / 203 carats cut / found 1990.
The Millennium Star is owned by De Beers, the world's
second largest known top-color, pear-shaped
This Diamond was found in the Mbuji-Mayi district
of Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo) in 1990.
It was bought by De Beers during the country's Civil
War in the early to mid-nineties.
The Diamond was first displayed in October 1999 as
the main attraction of the De Beers Millennium
Diamond collection. The collection includes eleven
blue Diamonds and The Heart of
Their display at London’s Millennium Dome in
2000, led to a plot to steal the collection. On the
7th November 2000, Police monitoring the gang,
arrested all involved after they began easily
breaking through the security systems, something the
Police thought impossible. Wiki Page
Orlov, 189 carats cut /
found 1700s ?
The Orlov is part of a collection in the Kremlin in
Moscow. The origin of this Diamond can be traced to a
Hindu Temple from the 1700s in Tamil Nadu, southern
Count Grigory Grigorievich Orlov, is said to have
bought the Diamond for 400,000 Dutch florins.
He gifted the Diamond to Catherine the Great of
Russia in an attempt rekindle their romance.
His expensive gift failed miserably, as not only
did Cathrine marry someone else, she held on to the
Diamond. Cathrine had her jeweler, C. N. Troitinski,
design a sceptre to display the Orlov on, becomming
part of the Russian Crown Jewels.
Now known as the Imperial Sceptre, it was
completed in 1784.
Regent Diamond, 410 carat
rough / 141 carats cut / found 1698.
In 1698, a Slave found this Diamond in a Golkonda
Mine in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. An
English sea Captain is said to have killed the Slave
and made off with the Diamond, then sold it to an
Indian merchant. Thomas Pitt then acquired the
Diamond from a merchant in Madras in 1701, said to be
for £20,400, about £2,964,490 in 2010 with
inflation. He had it cut in the design, cushion
The Diamond was sold to the French Prince,
Philippe II, Duke of Orleans, in 1717 for
In 1792, during the revolutionary wars in Paris,
the Diamond was stolen along with other Crown
The Regent Diamond was later found, with it being
on display at the Louvre Museum in Paris since
Premier Rose, 353 carats
rough / 137 carats cut / found 1678.
The Premier Rose Diamond was found at the Premier
Mine, of De Beers in South Africa. The rough Diamond
was cut to produce two main Diamonds of 137 carats
(Big Rose) and 31 carats (Little Rose).
The Premier Rose collection are claimed to be
among the finest polished Gems in the world, for
symmetry and proportions.
The Premier Rose was sold in 1979 to an anonymous
buyer for about $10,000,000.
Koh-I-Noor, 105 carats cut
/ found 1300s ?
The Koh-I-Noor, meaning "Mountain of Light" in
Persian, was once the largest Diamond in the world
from the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. It has
been owned by Hindu, Mughal, Persian, Afghan, Sikh
and British rulers who fought for the Diamond over
It was acquired by the British East India Company
for the British Crown Jewels when Queen Victoria
became Empress of India in 1877.
The Koh-I-Noor is now mounted on one of the Crowns
on display at the Tower of London, the Crown made for
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.
Allnatt Diamond, 101
carats cut / found ?
The Allnatt Diamond has a cushion cut and rated in
color as Vivid Yellow The Diamond is named after one
of its holders, Major Alfred Ernest Allnatt, a
soldier and sportsman. It is believed the Diamond was
probably found in what is now the De Beers Premier
Diamond Mine in South Africa.
The Allnatt was sold at auction in May 1996 by
Christie's in Geneva for US$3,043,496. The SIBA
Corporation, that bought the stone, had it re-cut to
its current weight to improve clarity.
The Allnatt was displayed at the Smithsonian's
(The Splendor of Diamonds) exhibit with the
Millennium Star and The Heart of Eternity.
Star of the East, 94
carats cut / found ?
The marrage of Edward B. McLean and his bride Evalyn
in 1908 saw them travel to Europe for their
honeymoon, each with $100,000 from their fathers as
wedding presents. After the couple reached Paris,
Pierre Cartier showed the couple the Star of the
East, that is said to have belonged to the Sultan Abd
al-Hamid. The couple bought the Star of the East for
After Evalyn's death, Harry Winston bought the
diamond in 1951.
The Star of the East was last displayed at the
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, in 1978, at a
reception for the 50th anniversary of Harry Winston
The Diamond is now at an unknown location.
Shah Diamond, 88 carats
cut / found 1400s ?
The Shah Diamond is yellow Diamond that is extremely
clear. It was found in Central India, around 1450.
The Diamond was owned by the Shahs of Iran for many
years. In 1591, Shah Nizam had carving cut on one of
Also in 1591, ruler of Northern India, the Great
Moghul Akbar, invaded Ahmadnagar and made off with
the Diamond. In 1738, Nadir Shah invaded India,
seized the Diamond, and returned it to Persia.
In 1829, Russian diplomat and writer, Alexandr
Griboyedov, was murdered in Tehran. To regain
peaceful relations with Russia, the Shah Diamond was
given to the Russian Tsar as a present.
The Shah Diamond is now one of Seven Historical
Gems on display in the Kremlin.
Idol's Eye, 70-carats cut
/ found ?
The Idol's Eye is a Diamond with a slight bluish
tinge, similar to Diamonds from the Golconda Mines in
Southern India. The cut of the Diamond is between an
old-mine cut and a triangular brilliant.
The name Idol's Eye may mean it was stolen from
the Eye of a Hindu Idol in a Temple in India. Other
Diamonds believed to have had similar origins, are
the Orlov and Hope Diamonds.
In January 1983, Mr. Laurence Graff bought three
large Diamonds, the 70 carat Idol's Eye, 41 carat
and 70 carat Sultan Abdul Hamid II, beleived to be
for the same client, said to be one of the top
Diamond deals ever.
Taylor-Burton Diamond, 241
carats rough /68 carats cut / 1966.
The Taylor-Burton Diamond became famous when the
actor Richard Burton bought it for his wife Elizabeth
Taylor in 1969.
The Diamond was found in 1966 at the Premier Mine
in South Africa. It was cut by Harry Winston to 69.42
carats in the shape of a pear. The Diamond was then
sold at auction to Robert Kenmore in 1969, owner of
the luxury brand Cartier, for $1,050,000.
Richard Burton bought the Diamond for his wife
Elizabeth Taylor 2 days after the Auction, for
After their divorce in 1978, Taylor sold the
Diamond at auction for $5,000,000. That money was
used to build a hospital in Botswana.
The Taylor-Burton Diamond was bought by Henry
Lambert, a New York jeweler. The latest owner is
Robert Mouawad, who had it cut to 68 carats.
Excelsior Diamond, 971
carats rough / 68 carats cut / 1983.
The Excelsior Diamond was found on the 30th June 1893
at the Jagersfontein Mine in South Africa, by a
worker loading a truck.
Until the larger Cullinan Diamond was found 1905,
the Excelsior was the largest known Diamond in the
world. It has a blue-white tint.
This Diamond was cut into ten stones, weighing
from 13 to 68 carats. The Excelsior I, was bought by
the jeweler Robert Mouawad.
SANCY, 55 carats cut /
found 1500s ?
This pear shaped stone was originaly owned by Charles
the Bold, duke of Burgundy, who is said to have lost
it in battle in 1477. The stone was named after a
later owner, Seigneur de Sancy, a French Ambassador
to Turkey in the late 1500s. It is beleived Mr. Sancy
acquired the Diamond on his travels to the Far
The Sancy has belonged to a number of famous
people such as: King James I of England, Cardinal
Jules Mazirin, Prince Nicholas Demidoff in Russia,
William Waldorf Astor, and is now displayed in the
Louvre Museum in Paris.
Hope Diamond, 45 carats
cut / found ?
The Hope Diamond is a deep blue Diamond on display in
the Smithsonian Natural History Museum in Washington,
The Hope Diamond is classified as a Type IIb
Diamond, said to be cursed.
The Hope Diamond is said to have been stolen from
an eye of a sculpted Hindu goddess Sita.
Tales of the Hope Diamond being cursed began in
the 1900s, thought now to have been an attempt to
increase its value.Website . Wiki Page
Dresden Green, 41 carats
cut / found 1700s ?
The Dresden Green is a natural green Diamond first
heard of in 1722 after a London news paper wrote an
article about it in its 25th October edition. It is
named after Dresden, the city in Germany, where it
has been displayed for almost two centuries.
In 2000, American jeweler Harry Winston had the
Dresden Green displayed in his New York store, then
later at the Smithsonian in Washington DC, in the
Harry Winston pavilion next to the Hope Diamond.
The Dresden Green Diamond is a rare Type IIa, said
to be internally flawless. It is now displayed in the
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden Museum in The
New Green Vault.