1296 – 1328 - the Scottish Wars of
Independence are fought, involving most
Scottish Clans and Castles.
1299 - soldiers from Caerlaverock Castle
attacked Lochmaben Castle, 17 miles north,
which was under control of English forces.
1300 July - King Edward I of England led a
mighty army against Caerlaverock Castle. 60 men
inside the Castle managed to hold out for a
number of days before being forced to
The Castle was damaged and changed hands a
number of times during the Scottish Wars of
1373 to 1410 - Sir Robert Maxwell rebuilt
much of the Castle.
1450s? - the Gatehouse was
1567 - the Catholic Maxwell's fought for
Mary, Queen of Scots after her forced
1570 - Caerlaverock was besieged and
extensively damaged by an English Protestant
1593 - John, 8th Lord Maxwell, repaired the
Castle so it could be used for defense against
their neighbour's and long time enemy, the
Johnstones of Annandale.
1593 - the 8th Lord Maxwell was killed by
the Johnstones during a fight at Dryfe Sands by
Lockerbie 17 miles north.
1602 to 1605 - the 9th Lord Maxwell killed a
number of Johnstones until peace was agreed
between the two Clans.
1619 - Robert, 10th Lord Maxwell, was
created Earl of Nithsdale and appointed to the
Privy Council of Scotland.
1630s - Robert had Nithsdale Lodge built
inside the castle with a reanaissance facade,
and intricate carvings.
1640 - Caerlaverock Castle was captured and
partially destroyed by a Protestant Covenanter
army after a 13 week siege.
The Castle was never repaired or lived in
from that time.
1946 - Caerlaverock Castle was taken over by
Historic Environment Scotland to serve as a