St Giles Cathedral is situated in Edinburgh
centre, a short walk down the Royal Mile from Edinburgh
St Giles, now also known as High Kirk of
Edinburgh, was founded in the 1130s, but little of
that early building remains. Most of what can be seen
today is from work carried in the 1400s, 1800s and
1100s, King David I began the building of
Edinburgh Castle, and funded the building of Holyrood Abbey
1 mile north, with the road connecting the two being
known as the Royal Mile.
David I also funded the original St Giles Church
built between the Castle and Abbey. This church was
extended into an impressive Cathedral over the
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St Giles is now not an actual Cathedral, as it is
no longer the seat of a Bishop. Bishops only served
in Scottish Churches for periods in the 1600s, as
Scots rulers preferred their Churches run by
This led to the Bishops Wars, that in turn led to
St Giles now serves as the top Church of Scotland
St Mary's Cathedral
completed in 1814, on York Place in Edinburgh, serves
as the top Catholic Church in Scotland.
The impressive St
Mary's Cathedral completed in 1917, on Palmerston
Place in Edinburgh, serves as the top Episcopal
Church / Protestant, seat of the Bishop of
The image right is of the bell from the 39,000 ton
battleship HMS Howe from the 1940s.
This warship saw action in WWII in Europe, then later
in the Far East. HMS Howe was scrapped at
Inverkeithing in 1958, with its bell being donated to
St Giles Cathedral to serve as a memorial to all who
died in the war.
The image bottom is of a statue of John Knox (1513 – 1572) in
St Giles, a Scottish minister and writer who was the
leader of the Reformation in Scotland, a time when
the Catholic religion, centered on the Pope in Rome,
was abolished in Scotland and England.
St Giles Cathedral History
1100s - King David I begins the Building of
1100s - David I funds the building of Holyrood
Abbey one mile north of Edinburgh Castle. The road
connecting the the Castle and Palace become known as
the Royal Mile.
1100s - David I funds the building St Giles Church
on the Royal Mile between the Castle and Abbey.
At this time, Christian Catholicism, centered on
the Pope in Rome, is the main religion in Scotland,
England, Wales, and Ireland.