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NAME

USS. ALASKA

CLASS

LARGE CRUISER

ENT/SERVICE 

JUNE 17th 1944

BUILT

NEW YORK SHIPBUILDING / AMERICA

WEIGHT

27,000 TONS

LENGTH

808 FEET

WIDTH

91 FEET

SPEED

32 KNOTS - GEARED STEAM TURBINES - FOUR PROPELLERS

GUNS

9 - 12 INCH / 12 - 5 INCH / VARIOUS ANTI AIRCRAFT

ARMOR

9 INCH SIDE / 3 INCH DECK / 12 INCH TURRET FACES


Although there were six Alaska class cruisers ordered by the US Navy, one was scrapped before completion and three were cancelled. The two that entered service, Alaska and Guam, were the largest cruisers ever built for the US Navy. Alaska went through her training for war at Chesapeake Bay and in the Caribbean alongside the battleship Missouri. Her first assignment to a war zone in December 1944 was to protect Allied carriers operating in the Pacific. Between February and July 1945, the navy used her for shore bombardment and to provide cover for carriers during bombing raids on the Japanese Home Islands and Okinawa.

USS Alaska

From July until the Japanese surrender August 14th 1945, Alaska, Guam and four destroyers carried out patrols throughout the North China Seas. She then joined other US warships visiting major Japanese ports in a show of strength. Alaska’s next assignment saw her support the landings of occupation forces at Inchcon/Korea. The completion of that task allowed her to be returned to America in December 1945. With the success of aircraft carriers during World War Two, large cruisers were shown to be extremely vulnerable to aircraft attack. This meant these ships had become obsolete within two years of entering service. Alaska was decommissioned in February 1947 and laid up at Bayonne/New Jersey. After being stricken from the navy list June 1st 1960, she set out for Kearny/New Jersey to be scrapped in July 1961. The demise of her sister ship Guam soon followed after being sold to the Boston Metals Co/Baltimore for scrap May 24th 1961.

USS Guam

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