134

<< . >>

NAME

USS. ARCHERFISH (SS-311)

CLASS

SUBMARINE

ENT/SERVICE 

SEPTEMBER 4th 1943

BUILT

PORTSMOUTH NAVY YARD / AMERICA

WEIGHT

1,525 TONS

LENGTH

311 FEET

WIDTH

27 FEET

SPEED

20 KNOTS SURFACE / 9 KNOTS SUBMERGED – FOUR DIESEL ELECTRIC ENGINES - TWO PROPELLERS

TORPEDOES

10 - 21 INCH TUBES / GUNS 1- 5 INCH / 1- 40mm / 2 - 50 CALIBER


Archerfish was a Balao class submarine built for the United States Navy during World War Two. Just over 200 US submarines were deployed during the war, of which, 122 were the Balao class. These submarines could dive to a depth of 400 feet, had a range of 11,000 miles, could stay submerged up to 48 hours and had a 66-man crew. Archerfish set out on her first deployment in January 1944. This 53-day patrol saw her credited with sinking one Japanese ship and damaging two others. Her 5th deployment departed Pearl Harbor October 30th 1944. At that time, the Japanese had just completed converting their third Yamato class battleship Shinano into an aircraft carrier. They took an unnecessary risk with their 59,000-ton ship by transferring her from the builders at Yokosuka to the navy yard at Kure for fitting out.

USS Archerfish

On November 28th 1944, Archerfish detected Shinano being escorted by four ships. With all six torpedoes fired hitting Shinano, the largest carrier built during that war blew up and sank within minutes. The end of the war saw Archerfish credited with sinking one passenger freighter, one costal defense ship, one aircraft carrier, damaging three ships and rescuing one US aviator. In all, US submarines sunk 1,113 Japanese cargo ships and 214 naval vessels that totaled about six million tons. Archerfish was decommissioned June 12th 1946 and laid up with the US Navy reserve fleet at Mare Island. After being taken out of reserve twice for short periods in the1950s and early 1960s, she was finally struck from the navy register May 1st 1968. Her end came October 19th 1968 after being used as a target ship by the US submarine Snook.

<< . >>