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NAME

SS. NIEUW AMSTERDAM

CLASS

LINER

LAUNCHED

SEPTEMBER 28th 1905

BUILT

HARLAND & WOLFF / BELFAST / IRELAND

WEIGHT

16,967 TONS

LENGTH

615 FEET

WIDTH

69 FEET

SPEED

16 KNOTS - PISTON ENGINES - TWO PROPELLERS


The Holland America Line was founded in 1873 to carry European emigrants from Holland - North America. They began building up their fleet to compete against the British and German lines that were already well established on that route. Nieuw Amsterdam entered service for the Holland America Line at a time when the White Star Line was operating their 23,876-ton Baltic and the Hamburg Amerika Lines 24,581-ton Kaiser Auguste Victoria held the title of largest ship in the world. Nieuw Amsterdam set out on her maiden voyage from Rotterdam - New York April 7th 1906. That voyage showed her appearance differed from other liners of the time as she had been fitted with the ‘by then’ outdated auxiliary sails. Three years later, Nieuw Amsterdam was returned to Harland & Wolff to have her passenger compartments altered. That work involved extending the bridge deck forward to enlarge her 1st class dining salon. The completion of these alterations in December 1909 saw her re-enter service with an increased volume of 17,149 tons.

Nieuw Amsterdam

Most countries in Europe had been drawn into the First World War by 1914. Although the Dutch managed to stay neutral throughout the conflict, Nieuw Amsterdam was laid up in Holland to avoid the risk of hitting one of the many mines that littered the seas or be mistakenly targeted by a submarine. The war came to an end November 11th 1918 and Nieuw Amsterdam re-entered service between Rotterdam, Brest and New York December 12th. She continued to provide a service on the Atlantic run until her return from New York in October 1931. With the Holland America Line having by then sold Nieuw Amsterdam to a Japanese scrapping company, she set out for Osaka later that month.

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