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NAME

RMS. VIRGINIAN (DROTTINGHOLM) (BRASIL) (HOMELAND)

CLASS

LINER

LAUNCHED

DECEMBER 22nd 1904

BUILT

STEPHEN & SONS / GLASGOW / SCOTLAND

WEIGHT

10,754 TONS

LENGTH

538 FEET

WIDTH

60 FEET

SPEED

18 KNOTS - STEAM TURBINES - THREE PROPELLERS


Built for the Glasgow based Allan Line, Virginian and her sister ship Victorian were two of the earliest liners to be powered by turbine engines. Virginian set out on her maiden voyage from Liverpool - St John/New Brunswick April 6th 1905. That voyage showed her three direct drive turbines turned the propellers too fast making them less efficient. Even with Virginian’s turbines not working to their full potential, she set a new record on the Canadian run between Cape Race and Movile by crossing in 4 days 4 hours. The British Admiralty operated Virginian throughout World War One as an armed merchant cruiser and troopship. In the dying days of the war, she had to be run aground on the coast of Ireland after a German U-boat attack succeeded in hitting her with one torpedo.

Virginian

The Canadian Pacific Line took over the Allan Line in the final months of World War One and sold Virginian to the Swedish America Line soon after. Renamed Drottningholm, she became the first ship to provide a service direct between Sweden and America. The Swedish America Line had Drottningholm fitted with less powerful single reduction turbines in 1922 to make her more economical to run. With Sweden not being involved in the Second World War, the Red Cross requisitioned Drottningholm to serve as an exchanging ship. The end of this role saw her returned to the Swedish America Line in 1946. Two years later, the Greek owned Home Lines bought Drottningholm to be operated on the Genoa - Rio de Janeiro route under the name Brasil. She underwent a major refit in 1951 before being re-deployed on the Hamburg - Southampton, Halifax and New York run under the name Homeland. By 1952, she had again been relocated, this time to the Genoa, Naples, Barcelona and New York route. The aging Homeland’s demise came after being decommissioned in 1955 and scrapped at Trieste/Italy soon after. Her sister ship Victorian was dismantled in 1929.

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