By about 10,000 BC, people began to
settle in the north of China near the
Huang River to farm the land. By, 3,000
BC, they were harvesting silk, baking
bricks for construction and developing
irrigation systems to control flooding.
The area eventually developed into seven
King Zheng of the western state of Qin
succeeded his father at the age of 13.
When Zheng was 27, he fought a series of
battles between 232 BC and 221 BC. After
conquering the other six states, at the
age of 39, he proclaimed himself the
first emperor of Qin and adopted the
title Qin Shi Huangdi.
In order to keep control of his
empire, he became one of the most
ruthless leaders the world has seen.
Anyone showing signs of opposing him was
soon executed. He also demanded high
taxes from the people for the upkeep of
his large military force and building
Qin used many different types of
torture to assist his view of law and
order. He destroyed all the
country’s books and writings in an
attempt to stop anyone looking to
previous ways of life, to prevent
comparison on how he was leading the
Quin first set out building roads and
canals, then expanded his empire to the
west and south to the border of
The northern states had built walls for
protection from tribes to the north of
China, named Hsuing-Nu, or known in the
west as Huns.