New Abbey Corn Mill is situated 7 miles south of
Dumfries, in the small village of New
Abbey, on the A710 road.
The mill can be visited 1 April to 30 September:
Monday to Sunday, 9.30am to 5.30pm. 1 October to 31
March: Daily except Thursday and Friday, 10am to 4pm.
Small entry fee.
Map / DG2 8BX .
Area Click On Map . 28 Large Images .
1200s - the first corn mill was built on this site
by the monks of Sweetheart Abbey, with the abbey
being situated at the other end of the village, a
1700s - the mill that can be seen today was built
on the site of the earlier mill. The original water
system and holding pond is used in this mill.
The mill is operated some days so visitors can
view it working.
The earlist way of grinding corn, oats, barley,
and wheat was with a stone and a stone bowl, a slow
way of pounding them into flour.
Quern-stones were used next,
small top and bottom stones with groves in the top
stone. The top stone was turned by hand to grind the
corn. These were used in most homes, taking two or
three hours a day to produce enough flour to make
bread for a family.
1100s - water mills, wind mills, and animal
powered mills were then used for industrial use in
Scotland, many by monks of abbeys.
These mills used large grinding stones with groves
cut into the top stone, so as the top stone turned,
it would crush the corn into flower.
The speed of the stones, and how close together
they were, produced finer flour. Fine and course
flour was needed for producing differet foods.
Farmers then took their corn to the mills to be
dried in a kiln, then ground by the large stones in
Modern mills now use electricity to turn metal
rollers to grind the corn. Some of the rollers have
grooves in them.
1948 - the New Abbey Corn Mill was closed
Historic Environment Scotland now run the mill as
a tourist attraction.