Below is a list of the largest and
most famous Diamonds.
carats rough / found 1970.
Sefadu was found in Sierra
Leonne in 1970. It is owned by the
American diamond company Lazare
Kaplan. The uncut stone weighs 620
This is the largest Diamond in
the world known at this time,
although if cut, will no doubt be
smaller than three or four of the
largest cut diamonds below.
Jubilee, 755 carats rough / 545
carats cut / found 1985.
The Golden Jubilee is currently the
largest known cut diamond in the world.
The discovery of this large brown diamond
in 1985, of 755.5 carats, was at the
Premier mine in South Africa, also where
the Cullinan diamonds were found in 1905,
and others such as the Taylor-Burton in
1966, and the Centenary in 1986.
3,025 carats rough /530 carats cut /
The Cullinan diamond was the largest
diamond found at the Premier mine in
South Africa in 1905, weighing an amazing
3,025.75 carats. The diamond was gifted
to Edward VII by the government of the
Transvaal as a birthday present. It was
cut in Amsterdam into 2 large stones (the
Cullinan I and Cullinan II ) and another
7 smaller stones.
The Cullinan I, or the First
Star of Africa, is set in the
British Sovereign's sceptre with
cross. This was the largest
polished diamond in the world until
the discovery of the Golden Jubilee
Diamond in 1985 at 545.67
The Sceptre with the Cross, and
the other Crown Jewels, are on
display at the Jewel
House in the Tower
890 carats rough / 407 carats cut / found
The Incomparable was found in the town of
Mbuji Mayi in the Democratic Republic of
Congo, in the 1980s, by a young young
girl playing in rubble outside her
The girls uncle sold it to local
African diamond dealers, who in turn sold
it to Lebanese buyers, who sold it to De
Beers, who sold it to Donald Zale,
chairman of the board of the Zale
Corporation, a Dallas based jewelry store
3,025 carats rough /317 carats cut /
The Cullinan diamond was the largest
diamond discovered in the Premier mine in
South Africa in 1905, weighing 3,025.75
carats. It was awarded to Edward VII by
the government of Transvaal for his
birthday present, then taken to Amsterdam
to be cut into 2 principal stones (the
Cullinan I and Cullinan II ) and 7 other
Spirit of de
Grisogono, 587 carats rough / 312
carats cut /found ?
The Spirit of de Grisogono is the world's
largest known cut black diamond, 5th
largest cut diamond in the world. It is
set in a white gold mounting, with 702
small white diamonds totaling 36.69
This diamond was mined several decades
back in west Central Africa. It was later
taken to Switzerland where it was cut
using the Mogul diamond cutting
Mogul, 787carats rough / 279
carats cut / found 1650.
The Great Mogul is one of the
worlds largest diamonds, named
after Shah Jehan, builder of the
Taj Mahal. This is the largest
diamond ever found in India, in the
Golconda mines in 1650, and cut by
the Venetian, Hortentio Borgis.
The diamond is said to
have either been lost, or now
known under another name, in
the possession of the Shah of
Persia, or to be among the
jewels of an Indian
Diamond, 599 carats rough /
273 carats cut / found 1988.
The De Beers Centenary Diamond, at
273.85 carats, was the
third-largest diamond found in the
Premier Mine in South Africa. The
Centenary Diamond is rated as the
highest grade of colorless diamond.
It is said to be flawless.
Star, 777 carats rough / 203
carats cut / found 1990.
The Millennium Star is owned by De
Beers, the world's second largest
known top-color, pear-shaped
The diamond was found in the
Mbuji-Mayi district of Zaire
(Democratic Republic of the Congo)
in 1990. It was bought by De Beers
during the country's Civil War in
the early to mid-nineties.
The diamond was first
displayed in October 1999 as
the main attraction of the De
Beers Millennium diamond
collection. The collection
includes eleven blue diamonds
and The Heart of
Their display at
Dome in 2000, led to a plot
to steal the collection. On
the 7th November 2000, police
monitoring the gang, arrested
all involved after they began
easily breaking through the
security systems, something
the police thought
189 carats cut / found 1700s ?
The Orlov is part of a collection
in the Kremlin in Moscow. The
origin of this diamond can be
traced to a Hindu temple from the
1700s in Tamil Nadu, southern
Count Grigory Grigorievich
Orlov, is said to have bought the
diamond for 400,000 Dutch
He gifted the diamond to
Catherine the Great of Russia
in an attempt rekindle their
His expensive gift failed
miserably, as not only did
Cathrine marry someone else,
she held on to the diamond.
Cathrine had her jeweler, C.
N. Troitinski, design a
sceptre to display the Orlov
on, becomming part of the
Russian Crown Jewels.
Now known as the Imperial
Sceptre, it was completed in
Diamond, 410 carat rough /
141 carats cut / found 1698.
In 1698, a slave found this diamond
in a Golkonda mine in the state of
Andhra Pradesh, India. An English
sea captain is said to have killed
the slave and made off with the
diamond, then sold it to an Indian
merchant. Thomas Pitt then acquired
the diamond from a merchant in
Madras in 1701, said to be for
£20,400, about £2,964,490
in 2010 with inflation. He had it
cut in the design cushion
The diamond was sold to the
French Prince, Philippe II, Duke of
Orleans, in 1717 for
In 1792, during the
revolutionary wars in Paris,
the diamond was stolen along
with other crown jewels.
The Regent Diamond was
later found and has been on
display at the Louvre Museum
in Paris since 1887.
Rose, 353 carats rough / 137
carats cut / found 1678.
The Premier Rose Diamond was found
at the Premier Mine, of De Beers in
South Africa. The rough diamond was
cut to produce two main diamonds of
137 carats (Big Rose) and 31 carats
The Premier Rose collection are
claimed to be among the finest
polished gems in the world, for
symmetry and proportions.
Koh-i-noor, 105 carats
cut / found 1300s ?
The Koh-i -noor, meaning "Mountain
of Light" in Persian, was once the
largest diamond in the world from
the state of Andhra Pradesh in
India. It has been owned by Hindu,
Mughal, Persian, Afghan, Sikh and
British rulers who fought for the
diamond over centuries.
It was acquired by the British
East India Company for the British
Crown Jewels when Queen Victoria
became Empress of India in
Diamond, 101 carats cut /
The Allnatt Diamond has a cushion
cut and rated in color as Vivid
Yellow The diamond is named after
one of its holders, Major Alfred
Ernest Allnatt, a soldier and
sportsman. It is believed the
diamond was probably found in what
is now the De Beers Premier Diamond
Mine in South Africa.
The Allnatt was sold at auction
in May 1996 by Christie's in Geneva
for US$3,043,496. The SIBA
Corporation, that bought the stone,
had it re-cut to its current weight
to improve clarity.
Star of the
East, 94 carats cut / found
The marrage of Edward B. McLean and
his bride Evalyn in 1908 saw them
travel to Europe for their
honeymoon, each with $100,000 from
their fathers as wedding presents.
After the couple reached Paris,
Pierre Cartier showed the couple
the Star of the East, that is said
to have belonged to the Sultan Abd
al-Hamid. The couple bought the
Star of the East for $120,000.
After Evalyn's death, Harry
Winston bought the diamond in
The Star of the East was
last displayed at the
Metropolitan Museum of Art,
New York, in 1978, at a
reception for the 50th
anniversary of Harry Winston
The diamond is now at an
Diamond, 88 carats cut /
found 1400s ?
The Shah Diamond is yellow diamond
that is extremely clear. It was
found in Central India, around
1450. The diamond was owned by the
Shahs of Iran for many centuries.
In 1591, Shah Nizam had carving cut
on one of the facets.
Also in 1591, ruler of Northern
India, the Great Moghul Akbar,
invaded Ahmadnagar and made off
with the diamond. In 1738, Nadir
Shah invaded India, seized the
diamond, and returned it to
In 1829, Russian diplomat and
writer, Alexandr Griboyedov, was
murdered in Tehran. To regain
peaceful relations with Russia, the
Shah diamond was given to the
Russian Tsar as a present.
Eye, 70-carats cut / found
The Idol's Eye is a diamond with a
slight bluish tinge, similar to
diamonds from the Golconda Mines in
Southern India. The cut of the
diamond is between an old-mine cut
and a triangular brilliant.
The name Idol's Eye may measn it
was stolen from the eye of a Hindu
idol in a temple in India. Other
diamonds believed to have had
similar origins, are the Orlov and
Diamond, 241 carats rough
/68 carats cut / 1966.
The Taylor-Burton diamond became
famous when the actor Richard
Burton bought it for his wife
Elizabeth Taylor in 1969.
The diamond was found in 1966 in
the Premier Mine in South Africa.
It was cut by Harry Winston to
69.42 carats in the shape of a
pear. The diamond was then sold at
auction to Robert Kenmore, owner of
the luxury brand Cartier, for
After their divorce,
Taylor sold the diamond at
auction in 1978 for
$5,000,000. That money was
used to build a hospital in
The Taylor-Burton Diamond
was bought by Henry Lambert,
a New York jeweler. The
latest owner is Robert
Mouawad, who had it cut to 68
Diamond, 971 carats rough /
68 carats cut / 1983.
The Excelsior Diamond was found on
the 30th June 1893 at the
Jagersfontein Mine in South Africa,
by a worker loading a truck.
Until the larger Cullinan
diamond was found 1905, the
Excelsior was the largest known
diamond in the world. It has a
55 carats cut / found 1500s ?
This pear shaped stone was
originaly owned by Charles the
Bold, duke of Burgundy, who is said
to have lost it in battle in 1477.
The stone was named after a later
owner, Seigneur de Sancy, a French
Ambassador to Turkey in the late
1500s. It is beleived Mr. Sancy
acquired the diamond on his travels
to the Far East.
The Sancy has belonged to
a number of famous people
such as: King James I of
England, Cardinal Jules
Mazirin, Prince Nicholas
Demidoff in Russia, William
Waldorf Astor, and is now
displayed in the Louvre
Museum in Paris.
Diamond, 45 carats cut /
The Hope Diamond is a deep blue
diamond on display in the
Smithsonian Natural History Museum
in Washington, D.C.
The Hope Diamond is classified
as a Type IIb diamond, and said to
The Hope Diamond is said
to have been stolen from an
eye of a sculpted Hindu
Tales of the Hope Diamond
being cursed began in the
1900s, thought now to have
been an attempt to increase
Green, 41 carats cut / found
The Dresden Green is a natural
green diamond first heard of in
1722 after a London news paper
wrote an article about it in its
25th October edition. It is named
after Dresden, the city in Germany,
where it has been displayed for
almost two centuries.
In 2000, American jeweler Harry
Winston had the Dresden Green
displayed in his New York store,
then later at the Smithsonian in
Washington DC, in the Harry Winston
pavilion next to the Hope