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Tour of Rome, Italy

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Rome is the capital city of Italy. It is situated in central Italy close to the west coast, on the Tiber river. The city of Rome has a long history as it spans over two and a half thousand years, one of the founding cities of Western Civilization. This was the centre of the Roman Empire, that controled much of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East from about the 1st Century BC till the 4th Century AD.

The currency in Italy since 2002 is the Euro. Beer Prices . Currency Converter.

Flights take about 2 hours 50 minutes between UK Airports and Rome Airports.

Ryanair provide regular flights between Roma Ciampino Airport and UK Airports such as: Dublin . East Midlands . Edinburgh . London/Stanstead . Manchester . Seasonal = Glasgow/Prestwick .

Roma Ciampino Airport Wiki for Ryanair and some easyjet flights is situated 9 miles southeast of Rome.
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Taxis are available at the airport. The official taxis are white and identified by the illuminated Taxi sign on the roof. Ensure the meter is running, and check the approximate price of the journey beforehand. Price between the Airport and Rome about 30 Euro.

Terravision provide an inexpensive direct bus service about 4 Euro, timed to coincide with flights, which connects Ciampino with Stazione Termini rail station in the centre of Rome. Shuttle Buses.

Rail - There is a bus available to take passengers to the nearby train station, passengers then take the train into Rome or other destinations.

Rome Fiumicino Airport / Wiki for British Airways, easyjet, Jet2.com and International Airlines is situated 23 miles southwest of Rome. Car Hire . Google Map.

Buses run about every 30 minutes to a number of stops in the centre of Rome including the Roma Termini Train Station. Shuttle Buses.

Taxis are situated at each terminal with a price of about 50 Euro between the Airport and Rome centre.

Rail - Take the Leonardo Express, a direct train service to Rome's main railway station (Roma Termini). Follow the signs from the main Arrivals area. The service runs about every 30 minutes, between 6.30am and 11.30pm. Google Roma Termini Map

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Via della Conciliazione (Road of the Conciliation) is the main street in Rome that runs from the Castel Sant'Angelo on the western bank of the Tiber River, to Saint Peter's Square and Saint Peter's Basilica, as seen in the distance.

The road was constructed between 1936 and 1950, and is the main access route to the Square. Along with the many shops and residences, it is lined by a number of historical and religious buildings.

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Saint Peter's Basilica gives a good view over Saint Peter's Square and down the Via della Conciliazione.

The Basilica of Saint Peter is situated within the Vatican City. St. Peter's is said to have the largest interior of any Christian church in the world, holding up to 60,000 people.

This is regarded as the holiest Christian site.

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View from St Peter's Basilica image

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The Palace of the Governorate is situated within the Vatican City, which is actually a small walled city within Rome. There are a number of historic buildings and museums within the Vatican City walls.

The Palace of the Governorate is where Legislative functions are delegated by seven cardinals, appointed by the Pope for terms of five years.

Acts of the commission must be approved by the pope before they can be passed.


The Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as the Castel Sant'Angelo, is situated about 0.5 miles east of Saint Peter's Basilica.

This is a large fortified building commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian, as a mausoleum for himself and his family.

This building was later used as a fortress and castle, it now serves as a museum.

Situated at the east end of the Via della Conciliazione road.

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Rome Hall of Justice image

The Supreme Court of Cassation or Palace of Justice, is situated about 0.7 mile east of Saint Peter's Basilica, next to the Mausoleum of Hadrian.

This is the main court in Italy.

The name of the court can be translated as "supreme court", but this can be misleading, as the Court of Cassation does not rule on the constitutionality of laws. That function belongs to the Palazzo della Consulta, situated next to Quirinal Palace.

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The Piazza Navone is situated about 1 mile southeast of Saint Peter's Basilica, on the eastern side of the Tiber river.

This is one of the most famous of Rome's many squares.

The lively square holds three impressive fountains. Another top attraction is the baroque church of Sant'Agnese in Agone.

The square is situated in the centre of the city, with most of the main tourist attractions within walking distance.

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Rome Pantheon image
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The Pantheon is situated about 1.2 miles southeast of Saint Peter's Basilica, a short distance southeast of the Piazza Navone square.

This is one of the most visited buildings in Rome, that was originally built as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt in 126 AD for Emperor Hadrian.

The Pantheon is now the oldest standing domed building in Rome. The height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same,142 ft.

This was the largest dome in the world until Florence Cathedral was built in 1436.


Basilica di Santa Maria is situated about 1.3 miles southeast of Saint Peter's Basilica, a short distance southeast of the Pantheon.

The Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore is the largest church in Rome dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary.

The present building dates from the time of Pope Sixtus III (432 - 440), containing many ancient mosaics from this period.

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The Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II is situated about 1.5 miles southeast of Saint Peter's Basilica, a short distance southeast of the Basilica di Santa Maria.

This is a monument to honour Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a unified Italy.

The monument was designed by Giuseppe Sacconi in 1895, with the many sculptures created by sculptors from all over Italy. Work began in 1911 and was completed in 1935.

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Capitoline Hill is one of the seven hills of Rome, situated about 1.5 miles southeast of Saint Peter's Basilica, close to the Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II.

The hill was the site of a temple for Rome's fifth king, Tarquin the Elder. It was said to be one of the largest and most impresive temples in the city, although little remains.

The main building on the hill is now the Roman City Hall. Its stairs were designed by Michelangelo.

The fountain in front of the stairs features the river gods of the Tiber and the Nile.

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Rome Senate House image
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The Roman Forum is situated about 1.9 miles southeast of Saint Peter's Basilica, a short distance south of Capitoline Hill.

This is the area around which the ancient Roman civilization developed. The oldest and most historic structures of the ancient city are situated in the forum, including the former royal residency, the Regia, and the surrounding complex of the Vestal virgins.

This is where Julius Caesar was murdered March 15th 44 BCE. He was surrounded by as many as 60 or so senators who ended his life with 23 dagger thrusts.


The Arch of Constantine is situated about 2.3 miles southeast of Saint Peter's Basilica, a short distance east of the Roman Forum.

This is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated next to the Colosseum. It was built to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge, 28th October 312. More Information.

The Colosseum, in the background, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the center of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is said to be one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering.

Construction started between 70 and 72 AD by the emperor Vespasian, and was completed in 80 AD by Titus.
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Colosseum and Arch of Constantine image
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Basilica of St John Lateran image

St. John in Lateran is situated about 2.9 miles southeast of Saint Peter's Basilica, a short disatnce southeast of the Colosseum.

This is the Cathedral of Rome, mother of all churches in Rome, and in the world. Founded by Constantine, during the time of Pope Silvester 314-335, it has been destroyed and rebuilt many times. The current building dates from the 1600s.

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Caius Cestius, was a rich praetor (an elected magistrate) that died in 12 BC.

Anything Egyptian became fashionable after Rome conquered Egypt in 30 BC, so Caius Cestius had a tomb built like a pyramid.

The Pyramid of Caius Cestius is situated at the southern edge of ancient rome, at part of the Aurelian Wall that surrounds the ancient part of Rome, about 2.5 miles southeast of Saint Peter's Basilica.

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Pyramid of Cauis Cestius and Aurelian Wall image


Rome Trevi Fountain image

The Fontana di Trevi , or Trevi Fountain, is situated about 1.8 miles east of Saint Peter's Basilica.

This is the most famous, and arguably the most ornate fountain in all of Rome.

This large monument dominates the small scenic Trevi square, situated a short distance northeast of Piazza Navone square, and the Pantheon.

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Quirinal Palace, on the Quirinal Hill, is situated about 1.8 miles east of Saint Peter's Basilica.

This is the highest of the seven hills of Rome. The palace was built in 1573 by Pope Gregory XIII, as a papal summer residence.

In September 1870, what was left of the Papal States was overthrown. About five months later, in 1871, Rome became the capital of the new Kingdom of Italy.

The Palace became the official residence of the Presidents of the Italian Republic, after the monarchy was abolished in 1946.

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Rome Galleria Borghese image

The Borghese Gallery in Rome is an art gallery housed in the former Villa Borghese Pinciana. It is situated about 2.5 miles northeast of Saint Peter's Basilica.

The Gallery houses a much of the Borghese collection of paintings, sculpture and antiquities, which was begun by Cardinal Scipione Borghese, the nephew of Pope Paul V who reigned from 1605–1621.

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Naples and Pompeii is a fascinating day trip from Rome to discover history, art and archaeology, situated about 150 miles south.

Your journey takes you from Rome to the Gulf of Naples, where Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 A.D., devastating the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

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More Attractions in Rome

For more tours of Rome and surrounding area such as: hop on hop off buses, river boat tours, Island of Capri, wine-tasting and more, visit the website: www.viator.com/Rome.

For more information on Rome, visit: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rome.

 

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